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Your heart is in your hands

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Know the risk factors for heart disease that you can control, and make heart-healthy choices to reduce those risks.

• High blood pressure. Over half of all adults with high blood pressure are women.

This condition can increase your risk of stroke and heart attack. High blood pressure usually has no symptoms, so talk to your healthcare professional about your risk. To prevent or manage high blood pressure, eat a healthy diet low in sodium, saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol.

• Smoking. Smoking cigarettes is the most preventable major risk factor of heart disease, and it increases your risk two to four times that of nonsmokers. Thousands of nonsmokers, including infants and children, are harmed by exposure to cigarette smoke. It’s never too late to quit!

• High cholesterol. 44 percent of American adults have cholesterol levels that are too high. The higher your total blood cholesterol, the greater your risk of coronary heart disease. Your body makes all the cholesterol it needs. Take steps to lower your cholesterol levels by losing unnecessary weight and limiting the saturated fats, trans fats and cholesterol you eat.

• Physical inactivity. Lack of physical activity increases your risk of coronary heart disease. Aim to get 150 minutes of moderate physical activity each week.

• Being Obese or Overweight. More than 149 million American adults are overweight, and 75 million are obese. If you have excess body fat — especially at the waist — you’re more likely to develop heart disease and stroke. Work with your doctor to determine your healthy weight and develop a plan to achieve or maintain a healthy weight.

• Diabetes. Compared to women without diabetes, women with diabetes have two to four times higher death rates from heart disease. A family history of diabetes can significantly increase the risk of developing diabetes. To prevent or manage
diabetes, watch your weight and diet, be active, don’t smoke, avoid second hand smoke, and talk to your health care professional about your family history of diabetes.

There are other risk factors to be aware of — talk to your doctor about how your
age, race and heredity may affect your risk for heart disease.

Consider the facts
Heart disease and stroke are the greatest health threats to women of all ethnic backgrounds, but only 21 percent realize it.
• Heart disease is still the No. 1 killer of women age 20 and older, killing about one woman every minute.
• More women die of cardiovascular disease than the next four causes of death combined, including all forms of cancer.
• While 1 in 31 American women die of breast cancer, about 1 in 3 die of cardiovascular disease.
• Ninety percent of women have one or more risk factors for developing heart disease.
• Eighty percent of cardiac events in women could be prevented if women made the right choices for their hearts involving diet, exercise and abstinence from smoking.
• Hispanic women are likely to develop heart disease 10 years earlier than non-Hispanic white women.
• African-American females are at greater risk and have higher death rates from heart disease, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases than white females.

Learn more at GoRedForWomen.org
For more information on how to enjoy a healthy and active life, visit
• Support other heart disease fighters and survivors. Connect with women who’ve had similar heart disease experiences and give or receive emotional support as you fight heart disease together.
• Go Red Heart CheckUp. Go Red’s online tool that provides a 10-year, personal heart disease risk assessment.
• Heart Healthy at Any Age. It’s never too late — or too early — to learn healthy living habits.
• Get Involved. Find Go Red For Women events and activities around the country.
• Real Women Just Like You. Read stories from real women who struggle and live with heart-health issues.
• Go Red Por Tu Corazón. Learn about Go Red efforts in the Spanish-preferring community at GoRedForCorazon.org.

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