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McDonald's sales hit by China scandal, US weakness

NEW YORK (AP) -- McDonald's says a global sales figure fell 2.5 percent in July, dragged down by persistent weakness in the U.S. and a food safety scare in China.

The world's biggest hamburger chain said Friday the decline included a 3.2 percent drop in the U.S. and a 7.3 percent drop in the unit encompassing Asia, the Middle East and Africa.

The results reflect what is likely to be just the beginnings of the fallout from a Chinese food scandal late last month. A TV report at the time showed workers at a McDonald's (NYSE: MCD) supplier, OSI Group, repacking expired meat. McDonald's stopped using supplies from the plant in Shanghai, which left many of its restaurants unable to serve much of its menu, including Big Macs and Chicken McNuggets.

The company has since been working with other OSI plants to restore supplies to the affected restaurants. Still, sales are likely to continue suffering given the sensitivities around food safety in China. Yum Brands, which owns KFC and Pizza Hut, says it did not rely as heavily OSI and quickly cut all ties with the company. But it has nevertheless seen sales battered as well.

McDonald's Corp., which has more than 35,000 locations around the world, warned earlier this week that the scandal puts its global sales forecast for 2014 “at risk.” It had previously said it expects sales to be “relatively flat.”

If the figure were to fall, that would mark the annual decline for global sales since 2002.

Back in the U.S., McDonald's has failed to boost sales since October amid intensifying competition and shifting eating habits. The drop in July came despite its sponsorship of the World Cup.

Part of the problem is that chains like Chipotle are gaining favor by touting more wholesome ingredients and the ability to customize food. McDonald's is trying to adapt on multiple fronts, including a “Build-Your-Own-Burger” test in Southern California and a new Bacon Clubhouse burger positioned as a premium offering at $5 or $6.

McDonald's CEO Don Thompson has also noted that the company's lower-income customers are struggling more financially, making them reluctant to eat out.

Thompson has also said McDonald's complicated its menu and slowed down service by introducing too many items too quickly. He says the company is working on getting the basics rights -- such as improving service.

The one bright spot in July was Europe, where sales at established locations edged up 0.5 percent.

McDonald's stock is down about 5 percent.

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